Monday, February 18, 2013

Organizational Process

Types of pieces:
  • Hard News: immediate, or "breaking," story about Who, What, When, Where, and Why
  • Analysis: discussion of the trends, data, or personalities behind hard-news stories. 
  • Feature: in-depth, magazine-length story with in-depth analysis
  • Editorial: unsigned piece giving the opinon of the organization's editorial board
  • Op-Ed: "opposite the editorial page" expresses the opinions of an outside named writer 
  • Column:  opinion essay by a writer who regularly writes for the paper or a syndicate
  • Sidebar: a story that accompanies the main news story, focusing on a particular aspect of an event.
Typical newspaper organization chart

Generic titles
  • Bureau Chief The director of news operations in a remote site or bureau.
  • Reporter A person whose job it is to gather and write the news for a publication or a broadcast outlet.
Print Titles

  • City Editor The individual (also known as the metropolitan, or metro, editor) in charge of the city desk, which coordinates local news-gathering operations. At some papers the desk also handles regional and state news done by its own reporters.
  • Copy Editor A person who checks, polishes and corrects stories written by reporters. Usually copy editors write headlines for those stories, and sometimes they decide how to arrange stories and pictures on a page.
  • Editor The top-ranking individual in the news department of a newspaper, also known as the editor in chief. The term may refer as well to those at any level who edit copy.
  • Editorial Page Editor The individual in charge of the editorial page and, at larger newspapers, the op-ed (opposite editorial) page.
  • Graphics Editor Usually, the editor responsible for all non-photographic illustrations in a newspaper, including information graphics, maps and illustrations.
  • Managing Editor The individual with primary responsibility for day-to-day operation of the news department.
  • News Editor The supervisor of the copy desk. At some newspapers, this title is used for the person in charge of local news-gathering operations.
  • Photo Editor The individual who advises editors on the use of photographs in the newspaper. The photo editor also may supervise the photography department.
  • Publisher The top-ranking executive of a newspaper. This title often is assumed by the owner, although chains sometimes designate as publisher the top local executive.

Broadcast Titles
  • Anchor One in the television studio who ties together the newscast by reading the news and providing transitions from one story to the next.
  • Executive Producer The television executive with overall responsibility for the look of the television newscast.
  • Field Producer Behind-the-scenes television reporter who often does much of the field work for a network's on-camera correspondents.
  • Network Correspondent A television reporter who delivers the news on camera. Network correspondents may or may not do the actual news-gathering for their stories.
  • Show Producer Television news specialists who produce individual newscasts and report to the executive producer.

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